Human BCAM Elisa Kit

Product Description

Species: Human
Assay Type: Solid Phase Sandwich ELISA
Sensitivity: 30 pg/ml
Detection Range: 62.5-4,000 pg/ml
Assay Length: 3.5h
Sample Type: Serum; Plasma; Cell culture supernatant.
Long Name: Basal cell adhesion molecule
Synonyms: BCAM; AU; CD239; LU; MSK19; Basal cell adhesion molecule (Lutheran blood group)
Background: Basal-Cell Adhesion Molecule (BCAM) and Lutheran blood group glycoprotein (LU) are two alternatively spliced variants of a single immunoglobulin superfamily (IgSF) protein that differ in the length of their cytoplasmic tails. BCAM cDNA encodes a 628 amino acid (aa) residues precursor protein with a putative 31 aa signal peptide, a 597 aa extracellular domain containing three C2 type and two V-type Ig-like domains, a 21 aa transmembrane domain, and a 19 aa cytoplasmic domain. Compared to the 40 aa cytoplasmic domain present in LU, the BCAM cytoplasmic tail lacks the putative Src homology 3 (SH3) binding site that may be involved in mediating intracellular signaling. BCAM/LU has wide tissue distribution and is expressed on erythrocytes, the endothelium of blood vessels and on the basal layer of cells in the epithelia. The expression of BCAM/LU in normal tissues is higher in fetal versus adult tissues. BCAM/LU expression is also upregulated in sickle cell disease red blood cells, in activated keratinocytes and following malignant transformation in some cell types in vivo and in vitro. BCAM/LU has been shown to be an adhesion molecule that binds laminin, a basement membrane protein involved in cell differentiation, adhesion, migration and proliferation.
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